from James Madison to Edmond Randolph of April 10, 1788.
this letter, Madison writes that the necessary qualifications
to serve in office are contained within the Constitution
itself. Thus, it is not important that one desiring
to serve in public office pass a religious test.
Religious Institutions Group
. . . As
to the religious test, I should conceive that it can imply
at most nothing more than that without that exception, a
power would have been given to impose an oath involving
a religious test as a qualification for office. The constitution
of necessary offices being given to the congress, the proper
qualifications seem to be evidently involved. I think too
there are several other satisfactory points of view in which
the exception might be placed.
from James Madison to Edmond Randolph (April 10, 1788),
in 3 Records of the Federal Convention of 1787, at
297 (Max Farrand).